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Hearing and Vision Loss in Older Adults

04/17/2023



According to Right Accord Health, about 10% - 20% of seniors are estimated to experience a certain degree of impairment in both hearing and vision.


Currently, about 60 percent of people aged 70 years or older are affected by hearing loss, 40 percent are affected by vision loss, and 23 percent of older adults have both vision and hearing loss. (Health In Aging)


So, what causes hearing loss? Experts from Cedars-Sinai, say that continuous exposure to loud noises, such as loud music or work related noise. Other factors include, loss of hair cells (sensory receptors in the inner ear) that help you to hear, inherited factors, aging, some health conditions, such as heart disease or diabetes, side effects of some medicines, such as aspirin, chemotherapy medicines, and certain antibiotics, being white, lower income level, infections and smoking.


Here are some things you can do to prevent hearing loss. Turn the volume down, walk away from the loud noise, take breaks from the noise, avoid loud, noisy activities and places. Use hearing protection. (cdc.gov)


According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the leading causes of blindness and low vision in the United States are primarily age-related eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma.


Eyesight is such an important part of our lives and our health. And, luckily there are some things we can do to prevent it. Here are some important tips to remember. Have a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Maintain your blood sugar levels, know your family's eye health history, eat right to protect your sight, maintain a healthy weight, wear protective eyewear (sunglasses) quit smoking or never start.


Here's the good news: Nearly all age-related vision changes can be treated with medicine or outpatient surgery, says Dr. Mitul Mehta, an ophthalmologist with the UCI Health Gavin Herbert Eye Institute.


“As individuals, our bodies ages differently from each other," says Johns Hopkins ophthalmologist Albert Jun, M.D., Ph.D. "However, an abundance of evidence indicates that keeping yourself in good health as you age decreases the occurrence or effects of age-associated eye problems.”


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